Teaching & Learning

The contents of the course are based on what was introduced in aviation end of the nineties and described in "Teaching & Learning" JAR-FCL 16 en EASA Air Crew Annex 1  FCL.930

Although it is advised to provide a full course for whatever training function, not all training functions legally require a full course. Depending on the type of instruction, the contents may vary of what is required for a specific type of instruction. For example a TKI or TRI will be expected to give theoretical lessons and (long) briefings and will be prepared for classroom instruction. A course for LTC will be more oriented versus practical instruction and short briefings rather that classroom instruction. For a Flight Instructor teaching the basics of single engine, stress will be more on single engine/pilot instruction whereas a TRI or LTC will benefit from examples in multi-crew environment. Specifics of the type of training, but also the type of operation will be integrated.

Whatever the scope, focus will always be on the trainee as the "centre fo the universe" thus creating student oriënted training.

AMC FCL 1.930 Topics

The Learning Process

All trainees will receive this part. To start thinking about how to teach, we need to know how a human being learns. Learning is the result of experiences. These experiences must be as much as possible practical. Motivation is important but can be boosted or demolished by way of instructing. In short do's and don'ts to foster learning.

The Teaching Process

Every teaching is build up in 5 steps. Next to the steps, we concentrate on the first one as starting point and already often neglected in aviation training: the importance of preparation.

Training Philosophies

Structured training, standardized training versus ad hoc training.

Training Techniques: Ground Instruction 

Use of Training Techniques, use of training Tools, do's and don'ts, practical exercises.

Training Techniques: (Practical)(In Flight) Instruction

Use of Training Technique "Demo/Perfo method".


Whatever training, there will always be an evaluation as part of the process. How to organise a debriefing? Do's and don'ts of evaluating. Human aspects: pitfalls.


Elements of aviation training lesson plans. How to prepare a lesson plan yourself?

Human Aspects of (Flight) Instruction

Theory of Colb about how people learn. Defence mechanisms. The instructor as Psychologist.

Hazards involved in simulating system failures in flight.

This part is adapted according to training needs. LTC's and TRI's will receive this module as part of their dedicated (SIM) training. For any training, a nice approach is to discuss SMS related output of the organisation such as incident reports during training flights.

Training Administration

Not part of this course, covered in other training depending on the type of instruction.